Muncie Pottery began in 1919 as the Muncie Clay Products Company. The company, which originated as a subsidiary of the German-American Clay Company, specialized in art ware with carved animals and relief plaques. While designer A.E. Trifonoff worked on the designs, James Wilkins later developed the popular matte glazes for Muncie Pottery. However, like so many of the other American art pottery companies, Muncie Pottery closed its doors in 1939 due to the Great Depression.
Muncie designs, brought about by Trifonoff and Wilkens, started heavily focused on lamp and lamp bases. Artisans later moved to the "Rainbow Art Pottery" with a wide variety of shapes. Muncie utilized a variety of glazes ranging from quality matte glaze to high gloss, drip glazes. Wilkens is known for discovering the peachskin glaze, as well as the bittersweet and orange peel glazes, unique to Muncie Pottery. Some of the most sought-after Muncie Pottery examples include the Ruba Rombic and Spanish lines.
Both of these scarce patterns were designed by Reuben Haley. Muncie Pottery can be found both marked and unmarked. Marked examples of Muncie Pottery are usually stamped MUNCIE and/or marked with molder/finisher marks. These marks include combination of letters (A, B, D, E, K, and M) and numbers (I,II, 2, 3, 4 and 5) such as 2-B, D-3, etc.